The Phoenicians founded the trading settlement of Gadir (or Gades) existed here around 1,000 BC, Gadir was the richest city of its time, primarily through trade and silver mines. Silver made barrels for storing drinking water and anchors of ships. In the middle ages, this port city was frequently subject to pirate raids, and in the nineteenth century Cadiz became a base of military Navy and the most important port of Spain. Today located in the province of Andalucia Cadiz is the capital of the Costa de La Luz, the South Atlantic coast of Spain.
Cadiz is on a Peninsula connected by a narrow sandy isthmus to the mainland and surrounded by water on three sides. The old town is small, it can be explored in a day. In the streets of Cadiz you can feel the breath of the sea. The city is strictly divided in two parts. The new city is removed from the sea into the shore and the Old town is nine kilometres of the end of a long spit projecting to the sea. In Cadiz the Baroque magnificence of the churches is adjacent to a busy port quarter, and the spacious, neoclassical square with old castles and fortress. Continue reading
Discoveries in Pompeii and their significance for the understanding of the historicism of archaeology.
Pompeii is on the border of 2 frames). A huge role in archaeology. (southern Italy). At the foot of Vesuvius, population 20 thousand ,the Vesuvius is now the PD shape. Pompeii is a large sea trading city. A few des km – Herculaneum –CX countryside, mansions-summer homes of the residents of Pompeii. 64 year ne – first eruption – lots of loss, but no one was hurt. August 24, 79 the destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum.(traces are recorded to the North of Africa).Filled with liquid lava and dust(lpile – 15m).and gray.died 10 each(approx 2000). many were saved on the merchant ships. In the letters of Pliny the younger said, but the city was abandoned. 1710 –on the site of Herculaneum elegance appearance. the village began to dig wells.= first finds. 1738-excavations began of Herculaneum – came to a close learned many sculptures. 1748-the longest time of excavation.= now rusk is about half of Pompeii. Preserved pavements, bridges, drainage systems, ground floors of the houses, signs. This excavation begins with the technique of archaeological excavations.= a unique site of archaeological research. Fiorelli – architect, found emptiness. poured Continue reading
A list of the main archaeological discoveries of the past 2010 published by the magazine Archaeology, published by the Archaeological Institute of America. It’s not just about the archaeological findings, but also important for archaeology laboratory breakthroughs.
1. Tomb Hematoma (391-377 years BC), the king brown. Hekaton was the father of the king Mausolus, whose tomb became one of the seven wonders of the world – the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. Tomb Hematoma found “black archeologists” and their discovery has become known after the unlawful excavations, they were arrested by the Turkish police.
2. Stone tools of the Paleolithic era (about 2.6 million years ago) were found on the coast of Crete. This finding is evidence that the ancient people could move not only on land, but could to make sea journeys. On the island of Crete, the people of this era arrived, most likely, not from the African continent, and European. Aegean sea is full of Islands, so the ancients could make not too long sea voyages from one island to another. Continue reading
Military archaeology — search and discovery of military relics and objects, search for information about past historical events, about historical persons, etc. of a group of Rangers with metal detectors explore historic sites where military actions took place.
In search of military artifacts In the forest,which was once the frontline, Armed with metalldetektoren, a Squad of diggers arrived. Has everything you need for excavations. And vodka with food-reserve. For them, the war passed, As the entertainment like. No one thought the last time! Day flew back without straightening. But for all the rich booty! German helmets-two and two knives MOP. And Lech was lucky,he “Schmeisser” is! As seeds crackle in the trenches of the sleeve, the soldier Full of skulls and bones. But here they are, certainly not behind it! The German crosses-that’s the reason for passions! Flashed under the spade that it is. And,our”For bravery”,Yes broken! In your pocket. as a key chain to the keys. To the dump went up the master’s ashes. Russian soldier killed. What’s our take? Soldier’s medallion? It find in the trenches need! It’s not Continue reading
In the Zaporozhye area there are excavations of the ancient city. Archaeologists working on the banks of the river Conca, where he found the ruins of an ancient settlement, which is at least six centuries. Its heyday was in the period of the Golden Horde.Unique monument of urban planning of the 14th century found in forty kilometers from the city of Zaporozhye. Here was the Great silk road. The existence of the ancient city in the desert historians have learned thanks to ancient documents. First research attempts in the early nineties, but to start digging managed only this year. And the first thing discovered by scientists – religious building.
Michael Spruce, candidate of historical Sciences.
As we assume that this public structure was a mosque first half of the 14th century. Why the first half of the 14th century – because it was the heyday of the Golden Horde, when in the desert to build the city.
So says Michael Spruce – surely we can say that the 13th-14th centuries Zaporizhzhya region was not “the wild field”. Here crossed the trade routes and there were large cities. Continue reading